Thursday, April 10, 2008
The “City of Majestic Waterfalls,” as Iligan is being described, does not plummet to the depths of the earth but empowers the industries it houses to keep the nation moving. It is not only known for its rich natural resources, the likes of Maria Cristina Falls that has become a major source of power, but it is also the home of nationally acclaimed artists, poets, cultural workers, and writers, and geographically, is a cross road of the cultural mix of the Maranaos of Lanao del Sur, Higaonons of Bukidnon, and the dominantly Christian settlers and migrants from the Visayas and other places of Mindanao.
Iligan City is bounded on the south by the municipalities of Balo-I and Linamon of Lanao del Norte; on the north by the municipality of Lugait, Misamis Oriental; on the east by the territories of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon; and on the west by Iligan Bay.
spacer spacerPolitical Subdivision
Iligan City has 44 barangays with a total land area of 81,337 hectares.
Iligan City belongs to the C type climate (short, low, sun dry season one to three months with less than 74 mm. of rainfall from strong weather disturbances). Average annual temperature is 21.68° Celsius.
There are about 325,000 (as of year 2000) Iliganos, with an annual growth rate of 3.8%. 42% live in the city. Iliganons are a mixture of the Muslim and Cebuano stock s with Tagalogs and some other cultural minority groups and immigrants from other places.
spacer spacerLanguage / Dialect
Cebuano, the major dialect in the city, is reported as the mother tongue of 94% of the population. The remaining 6% speak Tagalog, Maranao, Ilonggo, Ilocano, and Waray-Waray.
spacer spacerMajor Industries
NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION (Ditucalan, Maria Cristina; 10 kilometers from the city proper). Identified with power generation, site of the Mindanao Region Center, housing compound of the executive and rank and file, and Agus IV, VI and VII Hydroelectric plants.
AGUS IV HYDROELECTRIC PLANT (Langka – Balo – I; 18 kilometers from the city proper). The first underground hydroelectric plant in Mindanao and the third in the Philippines, located 120 meters below ground surface. The plant is said to be sufficient to light a city more than 12 times the size of Iligan or to run 20 cement factories.
AGUS VI HYDROELECTRIC PLANT (Barangay Maria Cristina; 9.3 kilometers from the city proper). The Maria Cristina Falls, plunging 320 feet downward, is the main source of the city’s power. It was harnessed by the National Power Corporation (NPC) by establishing the Maria Christina Hydroelectric Plant or Agus VI in 1950. It has a 200 MW potential capacity which is the veritable source of industrial lines in the city.
AGUS VII HYDROELECTRIC PLANT (Barangay Maria Christina; 8 kilometers from the city). The last among the seven sites located along the Agus river harnessed by NPC for power generation. It has a 54 MW potential capacity.
NATIONAL STEEL CORPORATION (Barangay Suarez; 6.5 kilometers from the city proper). One of the largest steel manufacturers in the ASEAN, located in a 140-hectare area and extends almost about one kilometer vertically. Established in 1962. At present, it has four main operating mills, Hot Mill, Billet Plant and the Thinning Line. Products: billet, round and square steel, flat steel like hot and cold rolled coils and hot rolled plates. Manpower: more than 3,800.
MABUHAY VINYL CORPORATION (Assumption Heights; 9.5 kilometers from the city proper). Founded in 1935 by the late Judge Guillermo B. Guevarra, originally as the family enterprise Mabuhay Rubber Shoe Factory (in Manila). MVC in its present location was constructed in 1964 and was set on stream in 1965. Products: liquid chlorine, polyvinyl chlorine (PVC), caustic soda, and hydrochloric acid used in the manufacture of various industrial products like soap, textile, insecticides, lubricants, explosives, polyesters, shoes, and many others. Located on a hill top, MVC has a small park rimming a man-made lagoon.
GRANEXPORT MANUFACTURING CORPORATION (Barangay Kiwalan; 9.0 kilometers from the city proper). Founded in 1954 bearing the name GRANEX Phils, later changed to Grand Export in 1966. Then manned only by three personnel and involved in the study of copra business feasibility and the coconut industry. Granex produces crude coconut oil and pellet. When the copra supply was abundant, the company decided to expand with the crushing of Iligan Coconut Oil Mill from 500 to 1,000 MT in 1979, which made Granex Manufacturing the Biggest Coconut Mill in the world.
PILMICO FOOD CORPORATION (Barangay Kiwalan; 9.0 kilometers from the city proper). Primarily engaged in the manufacture of wheat, flour and its related products like wheat germ (active). Aboitiz and company which originally thought of venturing into the flour milling business were the original incorporators, later joined by the Soriano group of Companies, and finally the Pillsbury of Minnesota.
The dainty structure that stands six stories high attractively poses on a wide lawn guided by ball-shaped agoho sentinels surrounding the complex.
REFRACTORIES CORPORATION OF THE PHILIPPINES (Bo. Mapalad, Dalipuga; 12.5 kilometers from the city proper). The only and largest and oldest refractory, established in 1977. Products: burned bricks, monolithic refractory, basic refractory bricks; and now, with a recent expansion, ceramic raw materials. Sprawling on a hill which is a stone’s throw away from the beckoning beach of Mapalad, it is the first industrial plant seen upon entering the boundary of Iligan City from Misamis Oriental.
MARIA CRISTINA CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (Assumption Heights; 9.5 kilometers from the city proper). The first and only carbide producer in the Philippines, organized in 1952 as a bold venture into the area of electro-metallurgy. Produces two basic types of electro-metallurgical products: calcium and ferroalloys such as ferrosilicon, ferromanganese, silicomanganess, and silico chrome. It also produces acetylene for the battery industry. Part of the complex is a pier capable of handling raw materials and finished goods.
Iligan City - Land Of Majestic Waterfalls
ILIGAN CEMENT CORPORATION (Barangay Kiwalan; 9.0 kilometers from the city proper). One of the top ten cement corporations in the country, established in 1977 by Mr. Conrado Alcantara. The 16th processing plant in the Philippines and the only local cement firm that has an automated loading system for bulk cement clinker exports. Manufactures two types of cement: Premium and Rockland Pozzolan. Its products are sold to both foreign and domestic markets.
SAN MIGUEL CORPORATION – ILIGAN COCONUT OIL (Barangay Filomena; 7.8 kilometers away from the city proper). One of the two copra solvent extraction plants in the city. It was established in 1975.
MINDANAO PORLTAND CEMENT CORPORATION (Barangay Kiwalan; 9.0 kilometers from the city proper). One of the cement factories in Iligan City.